A Blog Book, by Victor Grauer



. . . . . for Alan Lomax, who lives . . . . .



I felt that their music came from the back of time, but also, to a certain extent, from my own depths.

Simha Arom


For Table of Contents, see Blog Archive, below and to the right.


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Figures

This page was compiled for the benefit of those reading the paperback version (available via Amazon.com), from which most of the figures have been omitted. A printer-friendly pdf file can be downloaded from the following link: Figures. (PC users should right-click and select Save link as or Save target as -- Mac users can access the same options by command clicking, using the Apple key.)


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Preface

Figure 0.1 - Wile E. Coyote

Introduction

Figure 0.2 - Where Do We Come From, Who Are We, Where Are We Going? (Paul Gauguin)


Chapter Two


Figure 2.1 African mtDNA (Tishkoff 2007)



Figure 2.2 Nuclear DNA (Tishkoff 2009)


Figure 2.3 Y Chromosome DNA (Y Chromosome Consortium 2002)

Figure 2.4 mtDNA (Behar et al. 2008)



Chapter Four

 


Figure 4.1 Bushmen huts.

Figure 4.2 Baka pygmy hut



Figure 4.3 Mbuti huts


Chapter Five




Figure 5.1 Autosomal DNA in Africa (Tishkoff et al. 2009)



Figure 5.2 Hadza Hut

 Figure 5.3 Hadza Woman
Chapter Seven



Figure 7.1 Man with scarification marks -- Africa



Figure 7.3 Tasmanian Woman

Figure 7.4 Great Andamanese.

Chapter Eight



Figure 8.1 Australian Huts





Figure 8.2 Dorze hut


Figure 8.3 Dorze hut






Figure 8.4 Zulu huts

Figure 8.5 Swazi huts



Figure 8.6 Traditional Zulu Hut



Figure 8.7 Stone “Beehive” Hut -- Bronze Age Ireland



Figure 8.8 “Celtic” Hut (reconstruction) – Wales



Figure 8.9 Traditional Huts – Dani



Figure 8.10 “Beehive” Mud Huts -- Harran, Turkey


Figure 8.11 Syrian Mud Huts




Figure 8.12 Eskimo with dog and igloo




Figure 8.13 Eskimos with different kind of Igloo



Figure 8.14 The Wigglesworth Observatory, under construction




Figure 8.15 Australia -- “Aboriginal hut without its turf covering.”



Figure 8.16 Hadza Hut


Figure 8.17 Bushmen huts



Figure 8.18 Australian huts



Figure 8.19 Tierra del Fuego




Figure 8.20 Framework for Poverty Point hut.

Chapter Nine




Figure 9.2 Early Migration Paths (Oppenheimer 2004a, The Journey of Mankind)
 
Figure 9.3 Haplogroup M in India (Krithika and Vasulu 2009)



Figure 9.4 Tone Languages in blue (WALS 2011)
Chapter Ten



Figure 10.1 Toba Aftermath (Oppenheimer 2004a, The Journey of Mankind)

 
Figure 10.2 Distribution of M Haplogroups in India (Metspalu et al. 2004)



Figure 10.3 "The segregation of West Eurasian, East Eurasian and South Asian mtDNA pools" (Metspalu et al. 2004)



Figure 10.4 Cosmic microwave background (COBE)



Figure 10.5 Detail of Fig. 10.1



Figure 10.6 Detail of Fig. 10.3




Chapter Eleven





Figure 11.1 Eurasia -- later migrations (Metspalu et al. 2004) 

Chapter Twelve



 Figure 12.1 Birdbone Pipes from Kostenki (Hitchcock 2009)



 Figure 12.2 Mammoth-Bone Hut (reconstruction)



Figure 12.3 Lithuanian Trumpets (Sadie 1984, iii:189)


 
Figure 12.4 Flute and Horn Ensemble, Chad (Blench 2002)

Figure 12.5 Panpipe Duet -- Plekhovo (Velitchkina 1996)



Figure 12.6 Examples of Medieval Hocket (Sanders 1974)


Figure 12.7 Comparison of Medieval and African Bushmen hocket (Sanders 1974; England 1995)



Figure 12.8 Medieval Motet, Amor Potest (Nakamura 2004)


Chapter Thirteen




Figure 13.1 Indo-European Migrations (Wikipedia)



Figure 13.2 Paleolithic Rock Art -- from Spain (Gimbutas 1991)


Figure 13.3 Images from rock paintings attributed to Bushmen artists -- southern Africa




Figure 13.4 "Polyphony and Complementarity" (Lomax et al. 1968:167)
  

Chapter Fourteen




Figure 14.1 Sunda and Sahul



Figure 14.2 Native Australian Language Families



Figure 14.3 Joseph Birdsell with adult Australian Pygmy


Chapter Fifteen


Figure 15.1 New World Migrations


Chapter Sixteen



Figure 16.1 Phylogenetic Map of Musical Evolution. For details on how it was constructed and how to interpret it, see Appendix B.




Figure 16.2 Siamang Air Sac


Chapter Eighteen
 Figure 18.1 (from Xinhuanet, April 5, 2004)


Appendix A
  Figure A1: Outline of the Aka Pygmy song, “Makala,” from Kisliuk 1998. Vertical lines and brackets have been added to clarify certain tonal and motivic relationships.

Figure A2: Outline of the Ju/’hoansi Bushmen “Eland Song-little,” from England 1995. Brackets added to clarify certain motivic relationships.

Figure A3: Ju/’hoansi “Eland Song Great,” from England 1967. Vertical lines added to indicate pitch class identities.

Figure A4 - Mbuti Song, "Amabele-o-i-e" -- recorded by Hugh Tracey, transcribed by Victor Grauer

Figure A5 -- Ju/'hoansi Bushmen Song, "The Lion," recorded by Emanuelle Olivier, transcribed by Victor Grauer

Figure A6: Cantometric Profile of Aka Divining Song, "Diye."

Figure A7: Pygmy and Bushmen Profiles Displayed Side by Side
Figure A8 – Modal Profiles for African Pygmies, Bushmen and Farmer-Herders Compared (based on Tables A1-A3)



Appendix B

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Figure B1 -- Phylogenetic Map of Musical Evolution -- Grauer





Figure B2 -- Historical Map of Musical Style -- Grauer